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ⓘ Ozone, or trioxygen, is a chemical with the symbol O 3. This means one molecule of ozone is made of three oxygen atoms. Ozone is rarely called trioxygen, even t ..




Ozone
                                     

ⓘ Ozone

Ozone, or trioxygen, is a chemical with the symbol O 3. This means one molecule of ozone is made of three oxygen atoms. Ozone is rarely called trioxygen, even though this is its IUPAC systematic name. Ozone is formed from oxygen gas by the action of ultraviolet light and also atmospheric electrical discharges. It is present in low concentrations throughout the Earths atmosphere. In total, ozone makes up only 0.6 ppm of the atmosphere by volume.

Ozone is important to life on planet Earth. There is a portion of the stratosphere with a high concentration of ozone, called the ozone layer. The ozone layer filters out damaging ultraviolet radiation from the Sun, like a kind of sun screen. Without this ozone layer things would not have been able to live on the surface of our planet. The ozone layer also absorbs a lot of heat from the suns rays.

However, ozone is toxic to animals and plants above concentrations of about 0.1 ppm. In humans, it can cause nasal and throat irritation, and nausea. Extended exposure can cause lung oedema. 0.100 ppm is the maximum allowable limit for industrial, public, or occupied spaces in England, Japan, France, the Netherlands and Germany. The Ozone layer is in the 10 to 50 kilometer range of the Earths atmosphere.